Legaly is not a cheat. They were submited to a test they all passed. Put it this way, you take a math test, you pass the test, you get accused on using a calaculator. Never was said about using a calculator. Is that cheating?
The EPA test is bullcrap, is based on using the ODB2 port and a "scanner". The EPA always knew about it. The requirement is to pass the test. CARB and the EPA cabal are setting unattainable goals. Is nothing more than the great Global Warming Taxation scam. VW and FC prooved the test is nothing more than bureaucratic bullcrap.
Cap and Trade is another scam. If the goal is to stop polluting, cap, no trade.
Is all more about extortion money than anything else.